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Technical Information

Oil Information
Agathosma betulina

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Agathosma betulina

Agathosma betulina

Commercial name: Essential oil of Buchu
Botanical nomenclature: Agathosma betulina = Barosma betulina
Procedure: Steam distillation of the leaves
EINECS CAS-No: 84649-93-4
Alternative CAS-No: 68650-46-4
EC-No: 283-474-3

Optical Rotation (20ºC): -30º to -6º
Refractive Index (20ºC): 1.460 to 1.485
Specific Gravity (20°C): 0.900 to 0.940

Chemical composition:
l-Limonene: 19-30%
Iso-Menthone: 22-26%
Diosphenol: 10-15%
Pseudo-Diosphenol: 10-15%
Menthone: 7-9%


Boswellia serrata

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Boswellia serrata

Boswellia serrata

Commercial name: Essential oil of Frankincense
Botanical nomenclature: Boswellia serrata
Procedure: distillation of the resin
EINECS CAS-No: 97952-72-2
Alternative CAS-No: 8016-36-2
EC-No: 308-366-6
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.840 to 0.889
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.455 to 1.482

Chemical composition:
alpha-thujene: 54 to 82%
alpha-pinene: 4 to 8%
sabinene: 3 to 7%
delta-3-carene: 0 to 7%
para cymene: 0 to 5%
limonene: 1 to 4%
alpha-phellandrene: 0 to 4%


Calophyllum inophyllum

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Calophyllum inophyllum

Calophyllum inophyllum

Commercial name: Oil of Calophyllum
Botanical nomenclature: Calophyllum Inophyllum
Procedure: cold pressed from the nut kernels
EINECS CAS-No: 68956-68-3
EC-No: 273-315-5
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.900 to 0.980
Refractive index : 1.30 to 1.50

Chemical composition:

Oleic acid: 37% to 48%
Linoleic acid: 20% to 34%
Stearic acid: 12% to 18%
Palmitic acid: 7% to 16%
Linolenic acid: 0% to 2%
Arachidic acid: 0% to 2%
Myristic acid: 0% to 1%
Gondoic acid: 0% to 1%
Palmitoleic acid: 0% to 1%
 


Cinnamomum cassia

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Cinnamomum cassia

Cinnamomum cassia

Commercial name: Essential oil of Cassia
Botanical nomenclature: Cinnamomum cassia Loureirii
Procedure: distillation of the leaves, twigs and/or bark
EINECS CAS-No : 84961-46-6
Alternative CAS-No : 8007-80-5
EC-No : 284-635-0
Specific gravity (20ºC): 1.0450 to 1.105
Optical rotation (20ºC): -3º to +6º
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.600 to 1.615

Chemical composition:
cinnamic aldehyde: 75 to 90%
cinnamyl acetate: 1 to 7%
coumarin: 1 to 5%
O-methoxy-Cinnamic aldehyde: 0.3 to 2%
eugenol: 0 to 0.07%


Cinnamomum glaucescens

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Cinnamomum glaucescens

Cinnamomum glaucescens

Commercial name: Essential oil of Sughanda kokila
Botanical nomenclature: Cinnamomum cecidodaphne Meissn.= Cinnamomum glaucescens Nees.
Procedure: steam distillation of the dried berries

Specific gravity (25ºC): 0.881 to 0.945
Optical rotation (25ºC): -22° to -10.5°
Refractive index (25ºC): 1.486 to 1.498


Citrus limon

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Citrus limon

Citrus limon

Commercial name: Essential oil of lemon
Botanical nomenclature: Citrus limon
EINECS CAS-No: 84929-31-7
Alternative CAS-No: 8008-56-8
EC-No: 284-515-8

Optical Rotation (20ºC): +57º to +75º
Refractive Index (20ºC): 1.473 to 1.476
Specific Gravity (20°C): 0.846 to 0.857

Chemical composition:
limonene: 60 to 68%
beta-pinene: 10 to 16%
gamma-terpinene: 8 to 12%
citral: 1.50 to 3.50%
alpha-pinene: 1.50 to 3%


Commiphora guidotti

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Commiphora guidotti

Commiphora guidotti

Commercial name: Essential oil of opoponax (or sweet myrrh)
Botanical nomenclature: Commiphora guidotti
Procedure: Steam distillation of the resin
EINECS CAS-No: 84929-26-0
Alternative CAS-No: 8016-37-3
EC-No: 284-510-0
Specific gravity(20ºC): 0.955 to 1.101
Optical Rotation (20ºC): -100º to -70º
Refractive Index (20ºC): 1.500 to 1.527

Chemical composition:
Furanoeudesma 1,3 diene : 25-48%
Isofuranogermacrene : 19-25%
Lindestrene : 9-14%
Beta-elemene : 3-8%
Germacrene B : 3-6%
Furanodiene : 1-5%


Cymbopogon flexuosus

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Cymbopogon flexuosus

Cymbopogon flexuosus

Commercial name: Essential oil of Lemongrass
Botanical nomenclature: Cymbopogon flexuosus
Procedure: steam distillation of the leaves
EINECS CAS-No: 91844-92-7
Alternative CAS-No: 8007-02-1
EC-No: 295-161-9
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.881 to 0.905
Optical rotation (20ºC): -5º to +1º
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.477 to 1.489

Chemical composition : 
neral : 27-37%
geranial : 35-45%
total citral : 65-85%
geraniol : 2-10%
geranyl acetate : 0.5-6%


Cymbopogon martinii

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Cymbopogon martinii

Cymbopogon martinii

Commercial name: Essential oil of Palmarosa.
Botanical nomenclature: Cymbopogon martinii
Procedure: steam distillation of the leaves
EINECS CAS-No : 84649-81-0
Alternative CAS-No : 8014-19-5
EC-No : 283-461-2
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.880 to 0.894
Optical rotation (20ºC): -1º to +3º
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.469 to 1.478

Chemical composition :
Geraniol : 70-87%
Geranyl acetate : 7-16% 
Linalool : 1-3%


Cymbopogon winterianus (Indonesia)

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Cymbopogon winterianus (Indonesia)

Cymbopogon winterianus (Indonesia)

Commercial name: Essential oil of Citronella
Botanical nomenclature: Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt.
Procedure: steam distillation of the partially wilted leaves
EINECS CAS-No: 91771-61-8
Alternative CAS-No: 8000-29-1
EC-No: 294-954-7
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.876 to 0.893
Optical rotation (20ºC): -6° to 0
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.464 to 1.473

Chemical composition:
citronellal: 31 to 39%
geraniol: 19 to 25%
citronellol: 8.5 to 13%
limonene: 2 to 5%
citronellyl acetate: 2 to 4%
geranial: 0 to 1%


Cymbopogon winterianus (Nepal / India)

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Cymbopogon winterianus (Nepal / India)

Cymbopogon winterianus (Nepal / India)

Commercial name: Essential oil of Citronella
Botanical nomenclature: Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt
Procedure: steam distillation of the partially wilted leaves
EINECS CAS-No: 91771-61-8
Alternative CAS-No: 8000-29-1
EC-No: 294-954-7
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.876 to 0.927
Optical rotation (20ºC): -5° to 0
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.467 to 1.477

Chemical composition:
geraniol: 30 to 50%
citronellal: 5 to 13%
geranial: 3 to 13%
citronellol: 6 to 11%
limonene: 1 to 6%
citronellyl acetate: 0.5 to 5%


Cymbopogon winterianus (Vietnam)

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Cymbopogon winterianus (Vietnam)

Cymbopogon winterianus (Vietnam)

Commercial name: Essential oil of Citronella
Botanical nomenclature: Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt.
Procedure: steam distillation of the partially wilted leaves
EINECS CAS-No: 91771-61-8
Alternative CAS-No: 8000-29-1
EC-No: 294-954-7
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.876 to 0.893
Optical rotation (20ºC): -6° to 0
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.464 to 1.473

Chemical composition:
citronellal: 31 to 39%
geraniol: 19 to 25%
citronellol: 8.5 to 13%
limonene: 2 to 5%
citronellyl acetate: 2 to 4%
geranial: 0 to 1%


Cyperus scariosus

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Cyperus scariosus

Cyperus scariosus

Commercial name: Essential oil of nagarmotha or cypriol
Botanical nomenclature: cyperus scariosus
Procedure: Steam distillation of the dried rhizomes
EINECS CAS-No : 91771-62-9
Alternative CAS-No : 68916-60-9
EC-No : 294-955-2
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.950 to 1.005
Optical rotation (20ºC): -35° to -11°
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.497 to 1.523

Chemical composition:
cyperene: 19 to 34%
cyperotundone: 5 to 15%
rotundene: 5 to 7%
beta caryorhyllene: 0 to 3%
valencene: 1 to 5%
alpha copaene: 2 to 5%


Eucalyptus citriodora

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Eucalyptus citriodora

Eucalyptus citriodora

Commercial name: Essential oil of Eucalyptus Citriodora
Botanical nomenclature: Eucalyptus citriodora
Procedure: distillation of leaves and terminal branches
EINECS-CAS-No: 85203-56-1
EC-No: 286-249-8
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.858 to 0.877
Optical rotation (20ºC): -3º to +3º
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.450 to 1.468

Chemical composition:
citronellal: 75-89%
isopulegol: 2-5%


Eucalyptus globulus (crude)

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Eucalyptus globulus (crude)

Eucalyptus globulus (crude)

Commercial name: Essential oil of Eucalyptus
Botanical nomenclature: Eucalyptus globulus
Procedure: steam distillation of the leaves
EINECS CAS-No: 84625-32-1
Alternative CAS-No: 97926-40-4
EC-No: 283-406-2
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.877 to 0.945
Optical rotation (20ºC): -10º to -1.5º
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.376 to 1.470

Chemical composition:
1.8-Cineole: 60-80%
Limonene: 4-12%
Alpha-Pinene: 3-9%
Paracymene: 1-3%


Fokienia hodginsii

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Fokienia hodginsii

Fokienia hodginsii

Commercial name: Essential oil of pemou (or siam wood)
Botanical nomenclature: Fokienia hodginsii
Procedure: Steam distillation of the roots
EINECS CAS-No : 92347-03-0
Alternative CAS-No: 8002-47-7
EC-No : 296-189-4
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.895 to 0.918
Optical rotation (20ºC): +10° to +20°
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.490 to 1.499

Chemical composition:
fokienol: 36 to 42%
nerolidol: 30 to 35%
beta-eudesmol: 2 to 5%
elemol: 1 to 3%
alpha-eudesmol: 1 to 3%
gamma-eudesmol: 1 to 3%


Gaultheria fragrantissima

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Gaultheria fragrantissima

Gaultheria fragrantissima

Commercial name: Essential oil of Wintergreen
Botanical nomenclature: Gaultheria fragrantissima Wall.
Procedure: steam distillation of the leaves
EINECS-CAS-No: 92201-74-6
EC-No: 296-004-7
Specific gravity (20ºC): 1.118 to 1.193
Optical rotation (20ºC): -10.5º to + 1°
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.456 to 1.540

Chemical composition:
methyl salicylate: 99.20 to 99.90 %
ethyl salicylate: 0.05 to 0.15 %
traces of alpha-pinene, limonene, cineole, linalool, beta-caryophylene


Gaultheria procumbens

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Gaultheria procumbens

Gaultheria procumbens

Commercial name: Essential oil of Wintergreen
Botanical nomenclature: Gaultheria procumbens
Procedure: steam distillation of the leaves
EINECS-CAS-No: 90045-28-6
Alternative CAS-No: 68917-75-9
EC-No: 289-888-0
Specific gravity (20ºC): 1.118 to 1.193
Optical rotation (20ºC): -10.5º to + 1°
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.456 to 1.540

Chemical composition:
methyl salicylate: 99.20 to 99.90 %
ethyl salicylate: 0.05 to 0.15 %
traces of alpha-pinene, limonene, cineole, linalool, beta-caryophylene


Illicium verum

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Illicium verum

Illicium verum

Commercial name: Essential oil of Star Anise
Botanical nomenclature: Illicium verum
Procedure: steam distillation of the fresh, green fruit
EINECS CAS-No: 84650-59-9 
Alternative CAS-No: 68952-43-2
EC-No: 283-518-1
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.973 to 0.991
Optical rotation (20ºC): -2° to +2º
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.547 to 1.564

Chemical composition:
trans-anethole: 86% to 93%
limonene: 0.2% to 6%
methyl chavicol: 0.1% to 3%
linalool: 0.2% to 2.5%
foeniculin: 0.1% to 3%
alpha-pinene: 0.1% to 1.5%
cis-anethole: 0.1% to 0.5%


Juniperus communis

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Juniperus communis

Juniperus communis

Commercial name: Essential oil of Juniper berry
Botanical nomenclature: Juniperus communis
Procedure: steam distillation of the berries
EINECS CAS-No: 84603-69-0
Alternative CAS-No: 8012-91-7
EC-No: 283-268-3
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.854 to 0.879
Optical rotation (20ºC): - 15 º to 0 º
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.474 to 1.484

Chemical composition:
Alpha-pinene : 30-40%
Myrcene : 18-25%
Sabinene : 4-10%
Limonene : 2-9%
Beta-caryophyllene : 1-5%
Beta-pinene : 1-5%
Terpinen-4-ol: 0.5-5%


Juniperus oxycedrus

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Juniperus oxycedrus

Juniperus oxycedrus

Commercial name: Essential oil of Juniper oxycedrus
Botanical nomenclature: Juniperus oxycedrus
Procedure: steam distillation of the berries
EINECS CAS-No: 90046-02-9
EC-No: 289-969-0
Specific gravity (20°): 0.795 to 0.896
Optical rotation (20°):-13° to -9°
Refractive index (20°): 1.465 to 1.499

Chemical composition:
Myrcene : 45-55%
Alpha-pinene : 25-35%
Limonene: 6-9%
beta-pinene: 1-2%


Juniperus recurva

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Juniperus recurva

Juniperus recurva

Commercial name: Essential oil of Juniper (twigs and berries)
Botanical nomenclature: Juniperus recurva
Procedure: steam distillation of the berries and twigs
EINECS CAS-No: 84603-69-0
Alternative CAS-No: 8012-91-7
EC-No: 283-268-3
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.854 to 0.879
Optical rotation (20ºC): -20° to +15°
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.474 to 1.484

Chemical composition:
Delta-3-carene : 20-50%
Limonene : 5-25%
Myrcene : 2-16%
Alpha-pinene : 5-15%
Sabinene : 0.5-6%


Laurus Nobilis

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Laurus Nobilis

Laurus Nobilis

Commercial name: Essential oil of Laurel leaf
Botanical nomenclature: Laurus nobilis
Procedure: steam distillation of the leaves
EINECS CAS-No: 84603-73-6
Alternative CAS-No: 8007-48-5
EC-No: 283-272-5
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.903 to 0.985
Optical rotation (20ºC): - 22° to + 2°
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.460 to 1.476

Chemical composition:
1,8-Cineole: 35 to 53%
Linalool: 6 to 12%
Terpinyl Acetate: 6 to 12%
Sabinene: 5 to 10%
Alpha-Pinene: 5 to 10%
Beta-Pinene: 2 to 5%
Alpha-Terpineol: 1 to 3%


Litsea cubeba

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Litsea cubeba

Litsea cubeba

Commercial name: Essential oil of Litsea cubeba
Botanical nomenclature: Litsea cubeba
Procedure: distillation of the fruits
EINECS CAS-No: 90063-59-5
Alternative CAS-No: 68855-99-2
EC-No: 290-018-7
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.865 to 0.910
Optical rotation (20ºC): +1° to +35°
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.470 to 1.490

Chemical composition:
Geranial: 33 to 45%
Neral: 23 to 35%
Limonene: 3 to 18%
Linalool: 1 to 5%
Citronellal: 0.5 to 4%
Geraniol: 1 to 2.5%
Nerol: 0 to 2%
Alpha-Pinene: 0-1.5%


Matricaria chamomilla

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Matricaria chamomilla

Matricaria chamomilla

Commercial name: Essential Oil of Blue Chamomile
Botanical nomenclature: Matricaria chamomilla = Matricaria recutita
Procedure: steam distillation of the flowers
EINECS CAS-No: 84082-60-0
Alternative CAS-No: 8002-66-2
EC-No: 282-006-5
Specific gravity (25ºC): 0.886 to 0.960
Optical rotation (25ºC): not visible
Refractive index (25ºC): 1.470 to 1.505

Chemical composition:
trans-beta farnesene: 35 to 63%
bisabolol oxide A: 4 to 22%
alpha-farnesene: 5 to 16%
bisabolone oxide: 2 to 7%
chamazulene: 0.3 to 5%


Melaleuca alternifolia

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Melaleuca alternifolia

Melaleuca alternifolia

Commercial name: Essential Oil of Tea Tree
Botanical nomenclature: Melaleuca alternifolia
Procedure: steam distillation of the leaves and twigs
EINECS CAS No.: 85085-48-9
Alternative CAS No.: 68647-73-4
EC No.: 285-377-1
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.885 to 0.906
Optical rotation (20°C): +5° to +15°
Refractive index (20°): 1.475 to 1.482

Chemical composition:
terpinen-4-ol: 30-48%
gamma-terpinene: 10-28%
alpha-terpinene: 5-13%
alpha-terpineol: 1.5-8%


Melaleuca cajeputi

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Melaleuca cajeputi

Melaleuca cajeputi

Commercial name: Essential oil of Cajeput
Botanical nomenclature: Melaleuca cajeputi
Procedure: steam distillation of the leaves and terminal branchlets
EINECS CAS-No: 85480-37-1
Alternative CAS-No: 8008-98-8
EC-No: 287-316-4
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.868 to 0.930
Optical rotation (20ºC): -4º to +2º
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.462 to 1.482

Chemical composition:
1.8-cineole: 52 to 65%
alpha-terpineol: 9 to 16%
limonene: 3 to 6%
linalool: 2 to 4.5%
gamma-terpinene: 0.7 to 3%


Mentha arvensis

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Mentha arvensis

Mentha arvensis

Commercial name: Essential oil of Mentha arvensis
Botanical nomenclature: Mentha arvensis
Procedure: steam distillation of the aerial part
EINECS CAS-No: 90063-97-1
Alternative CAS-No: 68917-18-0
EC-No: 290-058-5
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.880 to 0.910
Optical rotation (20ºC): -42º to -15º
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.458 to 1.470

Chemical composition:
menthol: 55 to 80%
menthone: 4 to 13%
iso-menthone: 3 to 8%
limonene: 1 to 4%


Mentha longifolia

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Mentha longifolia

Mentha longifolia

Commercial name: Essential oil of Horsemint
Botanical nomenclature: Mentha longifolia
Procedure: steam distillation of the aerial part
EINECS CAS-No : 90063-99-3
EC-No : 290-060-6
Specific gravity (20°): 0.890 to 0.957
Optical rotation (20°): - 29° to - 3°
Refractive index (20°): 1.467 to 1.490

Chemical composition:
linalool: 19-20.5%
Piperitone oxide : 8-11%
Piperitone: 6.5-7%
Pipertenone oxide: 5-6%
Carvacrol: 1.5-5.5%
Limonene: 3.5-4.5%
Carvone: 1-2%


Mentha piperita

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Mentha piperita

Mentha piperita

Commercial name: Peppermint Essential Oil
Botanical nomenclature: Mentha Piperita
Procedure: Steam distillation
EINECS CAS-No: 84082-70-2
Alternative CAS-No: 8006-90-4
EC-No: 282-015-4

Specific gravity (20°C): 0.896 to 0.918
Optical rotation (20°C): -35° to -5°
Refractive index (20°C): 1.459 to 1.465

Chemical composition:
menthol: 30-45%
menthone: 25-35%
menthyl acetate: 2-10%
menthofuran: 2-8%
limonene: 1-5%
beta-caryophyllene: 1-3.5%
pulegone: 0-2.5%


Mentha pulegium

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Mentha pulegium

Mentha pulegium

Commercial name: Essential oil of Pennyroyal
Botanical nomenclature: Mentha pulegium
Procedure: distillation of the leaves and flowering tops
CAS number: 8013-99-8 and 90064-00-9
EINECS number: 290-061-1
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.899 to 0.950
Optical rotation (20ºC): - 25 º to 10 º
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.455 to 1.497


Mentha spicata

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Mentha spicata

Mentha spicata

Commercial name: Essential oil of Spearmint
Botanical nomenclature: Mentha spicata
Procedure: steam distillation of the aerial part
EINECS CAS-No: 84696-51-5
Alternative CAS-No: 8008-79-5
EC-No: 283-656-2
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.917 to 0.938
Optical rotation (20ºC): -59º to -48º
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.482 to 1.491

Chemical composition:
Carvone: 58 to 70%
Limonene: 9 to 21%
cis-Dihydrocarvone: 1 to 2.5%
beta-Bourbonene: 1 to 2%
3-Octanol: 0.3 to 1.4%
cis-Sabinene-hydrate: 0.2 to 1%
Dihydrocarvyl acetate: 0.1 to 0.6%
trans-Carvyl acetate: 0.1 to 0.6%
Menthone: 0.1 to 0.4%


Myristica fragrans

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Myristica fragrans

Myristica fragrans

Commercial name: Nutmeg Essential Oil
Botanical nomenclature: Myristica fragrans
Procedure: Distillation of the kernels
EINECS-CAS no.: 84082-68-8
Alternative CAS no.: 8008-45-5
EC no.: 282-013-3
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.883 to 0.923
Optical rotation (20ºC): +8º to +30º
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.474 to 1.488


Myrtus communis

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Myrtus communis

Myrtus communis

Commercial name: Essential oil of Myrtle
Botanical nomenclature: Myrtus communis
Procedure: steam distillation of the leaves, twigs and blossoms
EINECS CAS-No: 84082-67-7
Alternative CAS-No: 8008-46-6
EC-No: 282-012-8
Specific gravity (20°): 0.898 to 0.963
Optical rotation (20°): + 15° to + 26°
Refractive index (20°): 1.455 to 1.475

Chemical composition:
1,8-Cineol : 15-37%
Myrtenyl acetate : 10-30%
Alpha-Pinene : 13-23%
Limonene : 9-14%
Linalool : 6-11%
 


Nardostachys jatamansi

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Nardostachys jatamansi

Nardostachys jatamansi

Commercial name: Essential oil of Jatamansi
Botanical nomenclature: Nardostachys jatamansi
Procedure: steam distillation of the dried rhizomes
EINECS-No : 90064-28-1
Alternative CAS-No : 8022-22-8
EC-No : 290-089-4
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.930 to 0.966
Optical rotation (25°C): - 16° to + 60°
Refractive index (25ºC): 1.417 to 1.546

Chemical composition:
Beta-Gurjunene: 4 to 12%
Valeranone: 2 to 10%
Seychellene: 1 to 8%
Alpha-Gurjunene: 0 to 8%
Valerenal: 1 to 7%
7-epi-alpha-Selinene: 1 to 6%
Valencene: 1 to 4%
Beta-Patchoulene: 0 to 2%


Ocimum basilicum (Indian methyl chavicol)

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Ocimum basilicum (Indian methyl chavicol)

Ocimum basilicum (Indian methyl chavicol)

Commercial name: Essential Oil of Basil (Indian methyl chavicol type)
Botanical nomenclature: Ocimum basilicum L.
Procedure: steam distillation of the leaves and flowering tops
EINECS CAS-No : 84775-71-3
Alternative CAS-No : 8015-73-4
EC-No : 283-900-8
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.920 to 0.983
Optical rotation (20ºC): -7° to +2°
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.501 to 1.525

Chemical composition:
Methyl chavicol: 70 to 78%
Linalool: 16 to 25%
Limonene: 0 to 1%


Ocimum basilicum (linalool)

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Ocimum basilicum (linalool)

Ocimum basilicum (linalool)

Commercial name: Essential oil of Sweet Basil (linalool type)
Botanical nomenclature: Ocimum basilicum L.
Procedure: steam distillation of the leaves and flowering tops
EINECS CAS-No: 84775-71-3
Alternative CAS-No: 8015-73-4
EC-No: 283-900-8
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.876 to 0.920
Optical rotation (20ºC): -15 to -2°
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.469 to 1.495

Chemical composition:
linalool: 40 to 60%
eugenol: 8 to 18%
1-8 cineole: 7 to 15%
trans-beta-ocimene: 0 to 2%
terpinen-4-ol: 0 to 3%
methyl chavicol: 0 to 1%


Ocimum basilicum (methyl chavicol)

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Ocimum basilicum (methyl chavicol)

Ocimum basilicum (methyl chavicol)

Commercial name: Essential Oil of Basil (methyl chavicol type)
Botanical nomenclature: Ocimum basilicum L.
Procedure: steam distillation of the leaves and flowering tops
EINECS CAS-No : 84775-71-3
Alternative CAS-No : 8015-73-4
EC-No : 283-900-8
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.920 to 0.983
Optical rotation (20ºC): -7° to +2°
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.501 to 1.525

Chemical composition:
Methyl Chavicol: 82 to 98%
1,8-Cineole: 1 to 4%
Linalool: 0.5 to 3.5%
trans-beta-Ocimene: 0 to 2%
Methyl Eugenol: 0.2 to 1%
Camphor: 0.1 to 1%


Ocimum sanctum

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Ocimum sanctum

Ocimum sanctum

Commercial name: essential oil of Holy Basil
Botanical nomenclature: Ocimum sanctum = Ocimum tenuiflorum
Procedure: steam distillation of the leaves and flowering tops
EINECS CAS -No: 91845-35-1
EC-No: 295-208-3
Alt. CAS-No: 8015-73-4
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.948 to 1.010
Optical rotation (20ºC): -5° to -1°
Refractive index (20°C): 1.515 to 1.525

Chemical composition:
eugenol: 39 to 59%
beta-caryophyllene: 28 to 39%
alpha humulene:0.5 to 5%
1,8-cineole: 0.2 to 1%
linalool: 0.1 to 1%
methyl chavicol: 0.2 to 1%


Origanum vulgare

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Origanum vulgare

Origanum vulgare

Commercial name: Essential oil of Oregano
Botanical nomenclature: Origanum vulgare
Procedure: steam distillation of dried flowering plant
CAS number: 8007-11-2
Specific gravity (20°): 0.880 to 0.980
Optical rotation (20°): - 5° to + 5°
Refractive index (20°): 1.491 to 1.524

Chemical composition:
carvacrol: 60 to 80%
para cymene: 4 to 17%
gamma-terpinene: 4 to 13%
thymol: 5 to 7%


Pelargonium graveolens

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Pelargonium graveolens

Pelargonium graveolens

Commercial name: Essential oil of Geranium
Botanical nomenclature: Pelargonium graveolens
Procedure: distillation of the aerial part
EINECS CAS-No: 90082-51-2
Alternative CAS-No: 8000-46-2
EC-No: 290-140-0
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.882 to 0.905
Optical rotation (20°C): -17° to -7°
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.460 to 1.475

Chemical composition:
citronellol: 18 to 26%
geraniol: 10 to 21%
citronellyl formate: 6.50 to 11%
iso-menthone: 5 to 10%
guaia-6,9-diene: 5 to 9%
geranyl formate: 3.80 to 7%
linalool: 3 to 10%
menthone: 0 to 2%
geranyl tiglate: 0.70 to 2%
geranyl butyrate: 0.70 to 1.70%
cis-rose oxide: 0.40 to 1.40%
phenylethyl tiglate: 0.40 to 1%
alpha-terpineol: 0.20 to 1%
trans-rose oxide: 0.10 to 0.60%


Pogostemon patchouli

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Pogostemon patchouli

Pogostemon patchouli

Commercial name: Essential oil of Patchouli
Botanical nomenclature: Pogostemon patchouli = Pogostemon cablin
Procedure: steam distillation of dried leaves
EINECS CAS-No: 84238-39-1
Alternative CAS-No: 8014-09-3
EC-No: 282-493-4
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.950 to 0.975
Optical rotation (20ºC): -72º to -32º
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.505 to 1.515

Chemical composition:
patchouli alcohol: 24 to 35%
bulnesene: 15 to 25%
alpha-guaiene: 11 to 24% 
beta-caryophyllene: 2 to 5%
beta-patchoulene: 1 to 4%
progostol: 0 to 2,5%
nor-patchoulenol: 0 to 1%


Rhododendron anthopogon

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Rhododendron anthopogon

Rhododendron anthopogon

Commercial name : Essential oil of Rhododendron
Botanical nomenclature: Rhododendron anthopogon D.Don
Procedure: steam distillation of the aerial parts
EINECS-CAS No: not available
Specific gravity (15°): 0.8630 to 0.9219
Optical rotation (15°): -10.05 to –32.9
Refractive index (15°): 1.4785 to 1.4890

Chemical composition:
alpha-pinene: 19 to 23%
delta-cadinene: 8 to 14%
limonene: 10 to 12%
beta-pinene: 9 to 11%
cis-beta-ocimene: 5 to 8%
beta-caryophyllene: 2 to 4%


Salvia officinalis

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Salvia officinalis

Salvia officinalis

Commercial name: Essential oil of Sage
Botanical nomenclature: Salvia officinalis
Procedure: steam distillation of the flowers, leaves and stems
EINECS CAS-No: 84082-79-1
Alternative CAS-No: 8022-56-8
EC-No: 282-025-9
Specific gravity (20°): 0.890 to 0.952
Optical rotation (20°): + 1° to + 29°
Refractive index (20°): 1.457 to 1.479

Chemical composition:
alpha-Thujone: 25 to 40%
Camphor: 10 to 21%
1.8-Cineole: 8 to 13%
alpha-Humulene: 0 to 12%
beta-Thujone: 3 to 8.5%
Camphene: 0 to 7%
alpha-Pinene: 1 to 6.5%
Limonene: 1 to 3%


Satureja montana

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Satureja montana

Satureja montana

Commercial name: Essential oil of Winter Savory
Botanical nomenclature: Satureja montana
Procedure: steam distillation of aerial parts
EINECS CAS-No: 90106-57-3
EC-No: 290-280-2
Specific gravity (20°): 0.9050 to 0.9477
Optical rotation (20°): -10° to +1°
Refractive index (20°): 1.482 to 1.520

Chemical composition:
Carvacrol: 28 to 51%
Thymol: 4 to 23%
para-Cymene: 9 to 17%
gamma-Terpinene: 5 to 10%
methyl Carvacrol: 0.5 to 9%
beta-Caryophyllene: 3 to 5%


Trachyspermum ammi

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Trachyspermum ammi

Trachyspermum ammi

Commercial name: Essential oil of Ajowan
Botanical nomenclature: Trachyspermum ammi = Carum copticum
Procedure: steam distillation of the crushed seeds
EINECS CAS-No: 91745-13-0
Alternative CAS-No: 8001-99-8
EC-No: 294-681-3
Specific gravity (25ºC): 0.890 to 0.980
Optical rotation (25ºC): 0º to +5º
Refractive index (25ºC): 1.450 to 1.600

Chemical composition : 
thymol : +/- 50%
gamma-terpinene : +/- 30%


Vetiveria zizanioides

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Vetiveria zizanioides

Vetiveria zizanioides

Commercial name: Essential oil of Vetiver
Botanical nomenclature: Vetiveria zizanioides
Procedure: Steam distillation of the dried roots
EINECS CAS-No: 84238-29-9
Alternative CAS-No: 8016-96-4
EC-No: 282-490-8
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.985 to 1.020
Optical rotation (20°C): +13° to +35°
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.515 to 1.529

Chemical composition:
Khusimol: 9-22%
Isovalencenol : 4-14%
beta-Vetivenene: 0-8%
alpha-Vetivone: 2-7%
beta-Vetivone: 1-6%


Zanthoxylum armatum = Zanthoxylum alatum

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Zanthoxylum armatum = Zanthoxylum alatum

Zanthoxylum armatum = Zanthoxylum alatum

Commercial name: Essential oil of Zanthoxylum
Botanical nomenclature: Zanthoxylum armatum = Zanthoxylum alatum
Procedure: steam distillation of the dried berries
EINECS CAS-No: 91770-90-0
EC-No: 294-877-9
Specific gravity (20ºC): 0.815 to 0.922
Optical rotation (20ºC): + 5 º to + 45 º
Refractive index (20ºC): 1.467 to 1.482

Chemical composition:
linalool: 39 to 55%
limonene: 23 to 35%
methyl cinnamate: 8 to 15%